Time-outs do not work. There’s almost universal agreement that they aren’t effective, so we should not really use them. Let’s unpack why. As I said in an article on The Conversation << https://theconversation.com/how-to-discipline-your-children-without-rewards-or-punishment-39178>>, time-outs do not help children understand right from wrong.
Why? They encourage the child to believe they are so bad, you’ve removed love and affection from them (see here << https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743487486/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0743487486&linkCode=as2&tag=yourparesolu-20&linkId=WSIMMCKDCHDS6NCN>>).
As such, they are a fear device; they teach the child to fear our withdrawal of affection. They also don’t help children learn to regulate their emotions. It helps to see behaviour as an expression of an unmet need << https://ddwa.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/08DDC14ChallengingBehaviourWorkbookDIGITAL.pdf>>, thus, teaching the child to regulate their emotions teaches them to regulate their behaviour.
We need to help the child work through the upset and the feelings in order to restore appropriate behaviour. Finally, they are a punishment that has no relationship with the ‘crime’. Why are they put in a room? How long for? What’s the relationship between behaviour and the consequence? There is none.
If we want children to learn to regulate their behaviour, we need to let them see a natural consequence. The best option, if everyone needs to calm down, is a time-in. This strategy asks children to go into a quiet place with the parent and do whatever it takes to calm down. They will be angry, it is your job to stay calm, and ‘above the fray’. The only time out that is appropriate is a parental time out. All of us need some time calm down sometimes. Do whatever you need to move to a place of calm so you can help your child to understand whatever they’re doing isn’t appropriate. If we take a time-out, we also model appropriate emotional regulation for our child.