How workplaces can help or hinder
Dr Chesters says many of the challenges for parents with young families likely stem from the issue that the workplace hasn’t changed even though families have.
“Some of today’s parents have high ideals about sharing the load equally with both working part-time or using flexi time, but their workplaces don’t allow for that. This means even the men and women who are trying to make this more equal are finding that they can’t,” she says.
Dr Chesters notes too that part-time roles aren’t always the solution.
“Often people in part-time roles end up working extra hours at home because the work comes home with them.”
The Life Patterns Project has also found that making change to bring about a more balanced life isn’t always easy.
“There’s a disconnect between what people want and what they can do given their need for a secure income. I’ve been interviewing people in the older cohort and two men told me they gave up their dream job for something less satisfying but permanent,” Dr Chesters says.
When asked about the statement: ‘I feel that I do much more of the share of parenting than my partner’ the results were telling:
“Only 3% of men agreed with that statement, but 64% of women. Women are carrying this load: that’s a huge difference,” Dr Chesters says.
It’s no surprise therefore, that many women are dissatisfied with current arrangements.
“When asked if they were satisfied with how childcare tasks were divided, 91% of men said they were, yet only 64% of women said the same. There is a strong gender difference,” she says.
Keeping a social life going after parenting
Maintaining a social life with young children can be challenging. Qualitative data attained from a small cohort within the larger study showed that if it happens, it’s usually down to the woman.
The survey showed that those who found it easiest were the ones with support from extended family, particularly parents or in-laws.
“Some who have a lot of support from their parents have been able to maintain a social life in the sense that they can go to the gym a couple of times a week or meet up with their friends,” Dr Chesters says.
“You can’t overstretch your family, but if your parents and in-laws realise how important it is for you to maintain those social contacts and are supportive of it then that is good.”
Although the statistics are concerning, there is some good news. Researchers found that those who felt supported outside the home had managed to tap into local support groups – such as parent’s groups – early on.
“For women suffering from post-natal depression, local support groups have been shown to be very helpful, and a source for making new friends. That’s important, because when you go on maternity leave, especially if it’s extended, you tend to be more distant from your work colleagues who have been a big part of your life till you have children,” Dr Chesters says.
Nonetheless, Dr Chesters emphasises it’s important for our wellbeing to have friends in all stages of life and situations.
“Your support group needs to include people without children as well. Sometimes you need to talk about something completely different to parenting; you need a break from it,” she says.